Wirapebrianti's Blog

November 18, 2009

President of Singapore

Filed under: Leader in The World — wirapebrianti @ 12:00 pm

President S.R. Nathan Profile and Biography

 

Singapore is a republic with a parliamentary system of Government based on the Westminster Model. The Constitution of the Republic of Singapore provides for a President who is the Head of State. Prior to 1991, the President was appointed by Parliament and had a largely ceremonial role.

In January 1991, the Constitution was amended to allow for the election of a President by the citizens of Singapore. The elected President will hold office for a fixed term of six years. The creation of the elected presidency is a major constitutional and political change in Singapore’s history.

Under the revision, the President is empowered to veto government budgets and appointments to public office. He can also examine the Government’s exercise of its powers under the Internal Security Act and religious harmony laws, and in investigations into cases of corruption. The President must, however, consult the Council of Presidential Advisers before he takes a decision on some of these matters.

The first Presidential election was held on 28 August 1993. Mr Ong Teng Cheong was elected.

Mr S R Nathan became the second Elected President on 1 September 1999. On 17 August 2005, Mr Nathan was re-elected and he was sworn-in for his second term of office on 1 September 2005.
BIOGRAPHY:
S R Nathan was born in Singapore on 3 July 1924.

Mr Nathan received his early education in several schools – Anglo-Chinese Primary and Middle School, Rangoon Road Afternoon School and Victoria School.

Mr Nathan started working before completing his studies. After the war, whilst working, he completed his secondary education through self-study and entered the University of Malaya (then in Singapore) where he graduated in 1954 with a Diploma in Social Studies (Distinction).

Mr Nathan began his career in the Singapore Civil Service as a medical social worker in 1955. He was appointed Seamen’s Welfare Officer the following year. In 1962, he was seconded to the Labour Research Unit of the Labour Movement, first as Assistant Director and later Director of the Labour Research Unit until January 1966. He continued as a Member of its Board of Trustees until April 1988.

In February 1966, he was transferred to the Foreign Ministry. He served as Assistant Secretary and rose to be Deputy Secretary before being appointed Acting Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs in January 1971.

In August of the same year, Mr Nathan moved to the Ministry of Defence where he was a Director with the rank of Permanent Secretary.

In February 1979, he returned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and became its First Permanent Secretary until February 1982 when he left to become the Executive Chairman of the Straits Times Press (1975) Ltd, the Singapore newspaper company. At various times from 1982 to 1988, Mr Nathan also held directorship of several other companies including the Singapore Mint Pte Ltd, The Straits Times Press (London) Ltd, Singapore Press Holdings Ltd and Marshall Cavendish Ltd. He was Chairman of Mitsubishi Singapore Heavy Industries – a Ship-repairing and Engineering joint-venture with the Mitsubishi Group of Japan, from 1973 to 1986.

From 1983 to April 1988, Mr Nathan was Chairman of the Hindu Endowments Board. He was a founding member of SINDA – the Singapore Indian Development Association – and its Term Trustee until August 1999.

In April 1988, Mr Nathan was appointed Singapore’s High Commissioner to Malaysia and in July 1990, became Ambassador to the United States of America where he served until June 1996.

On his return, Mr Nathan was made Ambassador-at-Large and was concurrently Director of the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies at the Nanyang Technological University. He held a directorship in the Singapore International Media Pte Ltd between September 1996 and August 1999.

He resigned as Ambassador-at-Large and Director of the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies on 17 August 1999 and was elected President of the Republic of Singapore on 18 August 1999. He began his 6-year term from 1 September 1999. On 17 August 2005, Mr Nathan was re-elected and he was sworn-in for his second term of office on 1 September 2005.

Mr Nathan was conferred the Public Service Star in 1964, the Public Administration Medal (Silver) in 1967, and the Meritorious Service Medal in 1974.

Mr Nathan, a Hindu, is married to Urmila (Umi) Nandey and has a daughter, a son and three grandchildren.

November 16, 2009

French President

Filed under: Leader in The World — wirapebrianti @ 10:52 am

Nicolas Sarkozy

 

Sarkozy, Nicolas (Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarkozy de Nagy-Bocsa)- Born in Paris,Jan.7th,1955. The son of a minor Hungarian aristocrat who immigrated to France and married the daughter of Greek immigrants, Sarkozy became a lawyer and entered politics as a conservative. He was mayor (1983–2002) of Neuilly, a Paris suburb, and was elected to the National Assembly from the Hauts-de-Seine dept. in 1988 and reelected in 1993, 1995, and 1997. Sarkozy served in Premier Balladur`s cabinet as budget minister (1993–94), and as Raffarin`s interior minister (2002–04) he gained a reputation for being tough on crime and immigration. A longtime member of the neo-Gaullist Rally for the Republic party (RPR), he joined the new center-right coalition, Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). He was appointed finance minister in 2004, but resigned later that year to become UMP party leader; from 2005 to 2007 he again served as interior minister. Popular and charismatic, but polarizing as well—especially when he staked out an outspoken law-and-order position in his second stint as interior minister—the energetic Sarkozy has been characterized as a media-savvy American-style politician. In late 2006 he announced his candidacy for the 2007 French presidential race, and he secured the UMP nomination for the post in Jan., 2007. Leading after the first round, he defeated Ségolène Royal, the Socialist candidate, in the May runoff to win the presidency.

French President Nicholas Sarkozy, 53, who divorced in October, and Italian-born Bruni were wed at 11 a.m. in the Presidential Office of the Elysee Palace, in a private civil ceremony before 30 family and friends. Bruni, 39, who signed her wedding certificate “Mrs. Carla Bruni Sarkozy,” wore a white dress and looked “ravishing as usual,” according to Paris’s 8th Arrondissement Mayor Francois Lebel, who officiated the 20-minute ceremony. Félicitations.

November 10, 2009

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

Filed under: Leader in The World — wirapebrianti @ 1:16 am

Biography of President SusiloBambang Yudhoyono

 

sbyGeneral TNI (Ret) Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, popularly known as SBY, was born in Pacitan, East Java, on 9 September 1949. He graduated from the Military Academy in 1973-top in his class. He received his fourth star in 2000. In the first-ever direct presidential election in Indonesia in 2004, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, running on a platform for “more just, more peaceful, more prosperous, and more democratic Indonesia”, was elected as the 6th President of the Republic of Indonesia, gaining a landslide 60% of the popular vote over the incumbent President Megawati Soekarnoputri.

President Yudhoyono is also an accomplished scholar. He was educated in the United States, where he received his Masters degree in Management from Webster University in 1991. He continued his study and earned a Doctorate Degree in Agricultural Economics from Bogor Institute of Agriculture, West Java, Indonesia, in 2004. President Yudhoyono was awarded with two honorary doctorates in 2005, respectively in the field of law from his alma mater, Webster University, and in political science from Thammasat University in Thailand.

During his 27-year distinguished military service, President Yudhoyono took an extensive range of training, education and courses, both in Indonesia and overseas. President Yudhoyono also held numerous important posts and positions as troop and territorial commander, staff officer, trainer and lecturer. He served both in the field and at headquarters, as well as missions overseas. He was the Commander of the United Nations Military Observers and Commander of the Indonesian Military Contingent in Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1995-1996.

For his outstanding service, President Yudhoyono was decorated with 24 medals and awards, including the UNPKF Medal, the Bintang Dharma, the Bintang Mahaputera Adipurna and the Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna, the highest national medal for excellent service beyond the calls of duty.

Prior to being elected, President Yudhoyono held various important government positions, including Minister of Mining and Energy and Co-ordinating Minister for Political, Social, and Security Affairs in the National Unity Cabinet under President Abdurrahman Wahid. He again served as Co-ordinating Minister for Political, Social, and Security Affairs in the Gotong Royong Cabinet under President Megawati Soekarnoputri. It was in his capacity as Coordinating Minister that he became internationally recognized for leading Indonesia’s counter-terrorism efforts.

President Yudhoyono is also known for his activities in various civil society organizations. He served as Co-Chairman of the Governing Board of the Partnership for the Governance Reform, a joint Indonesian-international organization focused on the improvement of governance in Indonesia. He also served as Chairman of the Advisory Board of the Brighten Institute, an institution devoted to studying the theory and practice of national development policy.

President Yudhoyono is a keen reader and has authored a number of books and articles including: Transforming Indonesia: Selected International Speeches (2005), Peace deal with Aceh is just a beginning (2005), The Making of a Hero (2005), Revitalization of the Indonesian Economy: Business, Politics and Good Governance (2002), and Coping with the Crisis – Securing the Reform (1999). Taman Kehidupan (Garden of Life) is his anthology published in 2004. President Yudhoyono speaks English fluently.

President Yudhoyono is a devoted Moslem. He is married to Madam Ani Herrawati. The first couple is blessed with two sons. The oldest is First Lieutenant Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono, who graduated top in his class from the Military Academy in 2000 and is now serving at the elite 305th Airborne Battalion of the Army Strategic Reserves Command (KOSTRAD). The youngest, Edhie Baskoro Yudhoyono, earned his degree in Economics from Curtin University, Australia.

November 4, 2009

Barack Obama

Filed under: Leader in The World — wirapebrianti @ 10:09 am

Barack Obama Biography


imagesBarack Hussein Obama was born Aug. 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. His father, Barack Obama, Sr., was born of Luo ethnicity in Nyanza Province, Kenya. He grew up herding goats with his own father, who was a domestic servant to the British. Although reared among Muslims, Obama, Sr., became an atheist at some point.

Obama’s mother, Ann Dunham, grew up in Wichita, Kansas. Her father worked on oil rigs during the Depression. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he signed up for service in World War II and marched across Europe in Patton’s army. Dunham’s mother went to work on a bomber assembly line. After the war, they studied on the G.I. Bill, bought a house through the Federal Housing Program, and moved to Hawaii.

Meantime, Barack’s father had won a scholarship that allowed him to leave Kenya pursue his dreams in Hawaii. At the time of his birth, Obama’s parents were students at the East–West Center of the University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Obama’s parents separated when he was two years old and later divorced. Obama’s father went to Harvard to pursue Ph.D. studies and then returned to Kenya.

His mother married Lolo Soetoro, another East–West Center student from Indonesia. In 1967, the family moved to Jakarta, where Obama’s half-sister Maya Soetoro Ng was born. Obama attended schools in Jakarta, where classes were taught in the Indonesian language.

Four years later when Barack (commonly known throughout his early years as “Barry”) was ten, he returned to Hawaii to live with his maternal grandparents, Madelyn and Stanley Dunham, and later his mother (who died of ovarian cancer in 1995).

He was enrolled in the fifth grade at the esteemed Punahou Academy, graduating with honors in 1979. He was only one of three black students at the school. This is where Obama first became conscious of racism and what it meant to be an African-American.

In his memoir, Obama described how he struggled to reconcile social perceptions of his multiracial heritage. He saw his biological father (who died in a 1982 car accident) only once (in 1971) after his parents divorced. And he admitted using alcohol, marijuana and cocaine during his teenage years.

After high school, Obama studied at Occidental College in Los Angeles for two years. He then transferred to Columbia University in New York, graduating in 1983 with a degree in political science.

After working at Business International Corporation (a company that provided international business information to corporate clients) and NYPIRG, Obama moved to Chicago in 1985. There, he worked as a community organizer with low-income residents in Chicago’s Roseland community and the Altgeld Gardens public housing development on the city’s South Side.

It was during this time that Obama, who said he “was not raised in a religious household,” joined the Trinity United Church of Christ. He also visited relatives in Kenya, which included an emotional visit to the graves of his father and paternal grandfather.

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Filed under: Leader in The World — wirapebrianti @ 9:32 am

About Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Born in the village of Arādān near Garmsar, the son of a blacksmith, his family moved to Tehran when he was one year old. Born in the village of Arādān near Garmsar, the son of a Blacksmith, his family moved to Tehran when he was one year old. He entered Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST) as an undergraduate student of civil engineering in 1976. He entered Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST) as an undergraduate student of civil engineering in 1976. He continued his studies in the same university, entering the Master of Science program for civil engineering in 1986, the same time he joined the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (see below), and finally received his Ph.D in traffic and transportation engineering and planning. He continued his studies in the same university, entering the Master of Science program for civil engineering

in 1986, the same time he joined the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (see below), and finally received his PhD in traffic and transportation engineering and planning . The graduate program was a special program for the Revolutionary Guards members funded by the organization itself. The graduate program was a special program for the Revolutionary Guards members funded by the organization itself. After graduation, Ahmadinejad became a professor at the civil engineering department at IUST. After graduation, Ahmadinejad became a professor at the civil engineering department at IUST.

In 1979, Ahmadinejad was the head representative of IUST to the unofficial student gatherings that occasionally met with the Ayatollah Khomeini. In 1979, Ahmadinejad was the head representative of IUST to the unofficial student gatherings that occasionally met with the Ayatollah Khomeini. In these sessions, the foundations of the first Office for Strengthening Unity ( daftar-e tahkim-e vahdat ), the student organization of which several members behind seizure of the United States embassy belonged (this would become the Iran hostage crisis), were created. In these sessions, the foundations of the first Office for Strengthening Unity (list-e tahkim-e vahdat), the student organization of which several members behind seizure of the United States embassy belonged (this would become the Iran Hostage crisis), were created . Ahmadinejad became a member of the Office of Strengthening Unity. Ahmadinejad became a member of the Office of Strengthening Unity. Before the seizure of the embassy, Ahmadinejad had suggested a simultaneous or similar attempt against the Soviet Union embassy, but was voted down, resulting in independent pursuit of the idea by its proponents. Before the seizure of the embassy, Ahmadinejad had suggested a simultaneous or similar attempt against the Soviet Union embassy, but was voted down, resulting in independent pursuit of the idea by its proponents.

During the Iran-Iraq War, Ahmadinejad joined the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps in 1986. During the Iran-Iraq War, Ahmadinejad joined the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps in 1986. After training at the headquarters, he saw action in extraterritorial covert operations against Kirkuk, Iraq. After training at the headquarters, he saw action in extraterritorial covert operations against Kirkuk, Iraq. Later he also became the head engineer of the sixth army of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps and the head of the Corps’ staff in the western provinces of Iran. Later he also became the head engineer of the sixth army of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps and the head of the Corps’ staff in the western provinces of Iran. After the war, he served as vice governor and governor of Maku and Khoy, an Advisor to the Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance, and the governor of the then newly established Ardabil province from 1993 to October 1997. After the war, he served as vice governor and governor of Maku and Khoy, an Advisor to the Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance, and the governor of the then newly established Ardabil province from 1993 to October 1997.

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad – Early political career Mahmoud Ahmadinejad – Early political career

Ahmadinejad was mostly an unknown figure in Iranian politics until he was elected Mayor of Tehran by the second City Council of Tehran on May 3, 2003, after a 12% turnout led to the election of the conservative candidates of Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran in Tehran. Ahmadinejad was mostly an unknown figure in Iranian politics until he was elected Mayor of Tehran by the second City Council of Tehran on May 3, 2003, after a 12% turnout led to the election of the conservative candidates of Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran in Tehran. During his mayorship, he reversed many of the changes put into effect by previous moderate and reformist mayors, putting serious religious emphasis on the activities of the cultural centers founded by previous mayors, going on the record with the separation of elevators for men and women in the municipality offices [4] and suggesting that the bodies of those killed in the Iran-Iraq war be buried in major city squares of Tehran. During his mayorship, he reversed many of the changes put into effect by previous moderate and reformist Mayors, putting serious religious emphasis on the activities of the cultural centers founded by previous Mayors, going on the record with the separation of elevators for men and women in The municipality offices [4] and suggesting that the bodies of those killed in the Iran-Iraq war to be buried in major city squares of Tehran. Such actions were coupled with popular acts, such as distributing free soup to the poor. Such actions were coupled with popular acts, such as distributing free soup to the poor.

As the Mayor of Tehran, Ahmadinejad also became the manager in charge of the daily newspaper Hamshahri , dismissing Mohammad Atrianfar as the editor and replacing him with Alireza Sheikh-Attar. As the Mayor of Tehran, Ahmadinejad also became the manager in charge of the daily newspaper Hamshahri, dismissing Mohammad Atrianfar as the editor and replacing him with Alireza Sheikh-Attar. Ahmadinejad subsequently fired Sheikh-Attar on June 13, 2005, a few days before the presidential elections, for not supporting him for the post, replacing Sheikh-Attar with Ali Asghar Ash’ari, a previous Vice Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance during the ministership of Mostafa Mirsalim. Ahmadinejad subsequently fired Sheikh-Attar on June 13, 2005, a few days before the presidential elections, for not supporting him for the post, replacing Sheikh-Attar with Ali Asghar Ash’ari, a previous vice-Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance during the ministership of Mostafa Mirsalim. He fired Nafiseh Kouhnavard, one of Hamshahri’s journalists, for asking Khatami about the “red lines” of the regime and illegal parallel intelligence agencies, a question Ahmadinejad didn’t consider appropriate. He fired Nafiseh Kouhnavard, one of Hamshahri’s journalists, for asking Khatami about the “red lines” of the regime and illegal parallel intelligence agencies, a question Ahmadinejad did not consider appropriate. Kouhnavard was later accused by hard-liners of spying for Turkey and the Republic of Azerbaijan. [5] Kouhnavard was later accused by hard-liners of spying for Turkey and the Republic of Azerbaijan. [5]

Ahmadinejad is known to have quarreled with Khatami, who then barred him from attending meetings of the Board of Ministers, a privilege usually extended to mayors of Tehran. Ahmadinejad is known to have quarreled with Khatami, who then barred him from attending meetings of the Board of Ministers, a privilege usually extended to Mayors of Tehran. He has publicly criticized Khatami for ignorance of the daily problems of the general public. He has publicly criticized Khatami for ignorance of the daily problems of the general public.

After two years as Tehran mayor, Ahmadinejad was shortlisted in a list of sixty-five finalists for World Mayor 2005. [6] Out of the 550 nominated mayors, only nine were from Asia. After two years as Tehran mayor, Ahmadinejad was Shortlisted in a list of sixty-five finalists for World Mayor 2005. [6] Out of the 550 nominated Mayors, only nine were from Asia.

Ahmadinejad resigned from his post as the mayor of Tehran after his election to the presidency. Ahmadinejad Resigned from his post as the mayor of Tehran after his election to the Presidency. His resignation was accepted on June 28, 2005, and in September 2005 the Tehran City Council elected Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf with 8 out of 15 votes as the 12th Mayor of Tehran. His resignation was accepted on June 28, 2005, and in September 2005 the Tehran City Council elected Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf with 8 out of 15 votes as the 12th Mayor of Tehran.

Bisnis Online

Filed under: Uncategorized — wirapebrianti @ 2:08 am

4 KUNCI SUKSES INTERNET MARKETING

Di dalam dunia bisnis,entah itu bisnis online ataupun offline,jika bisnis kita ingin berkembang,kita harus menguasai dasar-dasar marketing.Di dalam dunia bisnis online,biasanya kunci terpenting terjadi nya penjualan adalah sales letter yang kita buat,entah itu sales letter dalam bentuk minisite,blog,ataupun website.Nah pada tutorial bisnis online kali ini,saya ingin sharing sedikit mengenai dasar marketing yang mungkin anda belum tau.

Ada 4 kunci dasar dalam marketing,dimana prinsip ini adalah prinsip paten yang selalu digunakan oleh semua pebisnis sukses di seluruh dunia.Apa 4 kunci dasar itu?

4 KUNCI DASAR MARKETING : A – I – D – A

A: Attention (Perhatian)

Gunakan headline yang powerfull dalam sales letter anda untuk menarik perhatian konsumen.Ingatlah bahwa yang pertama kali dilihat konsumen ketika mengunjungi sales letter anda adalah HEADLINE.Jika anda mampu membuat headline yang menarik perhatian,maka konsumen tak akan segan untuk melanjutkan ke paragraf berikutnya.Gunakanlah tulisan yang mudah di baca dan jelas.Agar konsumen anda tidak bingung.

I: Interest (Tertarik)

Sales letter yang anda buat harus mampu membangkitkan rasa keingintahuan konsumen anda.Sales letter anda harus mampu membuat konsumen anda penasaran.Misal:

JIKA ANDA MENGGUNAKAN TRIK SEDERHANA YANG SAYA TERAPKAN,MAKA ANDA PUN MAMPU MENGHASILKAN Rp.2.000.000,- / hari!!!

Kalimat di atas hanya contoh saja.Intinya anda harus menciptakan sebuah sales letter yang mampu membangkitkan rasa penasaran dan keingintahuan konsumen anda.Jangan menggunakan sales letter yang biasa-biasa saja dan membosankan.Buatlah sales letter yang mampu membangkitkan semangat dan motivasi.

D: Detail

Jelaskan produk anda secara detail pada sales letter yang anda buat.Konsumen perlu mengetahui dengan jelas produk apa sebenarnya yang anda jual.Jelaskan sedetail mungkin jika bisa agar konsumen tidak ragu-ragu untuk membeli produk anda.

Dan yang terpenting,jelaskan secara detail manfaat yang akan konsumen anda dapatkan jika mereka membeli produk anda.

A: Action

Sales letter yang anda buat harus berisi kalimat-kalimat CALL TO ACTION,kalimat ajakan,kalimat perintah untuk melakukan tindakan terhadap produk yang anda jual.Contoh kalimat call to action:

>> SEGERA PESAN SEKARANG!

>> BANGKIT DARI TEMPAT DUDUK ANDA,DAN HUBUNGI KAMI SEGERA!

>> JOIN SEKARANG!

Nah itulah 4 prinsip dasar dalam marketing,baik dalam dunia bisnis online dan bisnis offline.Jika anda mampu menguasai 4 hal diatas,produk yang anda jual pasti akan laris manis di pasaran.Pada artikel ini saya hanya menjelaskan secara garis besar nya saja,untuk detailnya,tunggu artikel-artikel saya selanjutnya ya!

Selamat mencoba…

Terimakasih

September 16, 2009

Presiden Iran

Filed under: Uncategorized — wirapebrianti @ 5:39 am

Presiden Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad yang jadi Teladan

Apakah Indonesia akan memiliki pemimpin seperti Mahmoud Ahmadinejad?

Presiden Iran saat ini: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, ketika di wawancara oleh TV Fox (AS) soal kehidupan pribadinya:

TV Fox (AS) : “Saat anda melihat di cermin setiap pagi, apa yang anda katakan pada diri anda?”
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad : “Saya melihat orang di cermin itu dan mengatakan padanya: “Ingat, kau tak lebih dari seorang pelayan, hari di depanmu penuh dengan tanggung jawab yang berat, yaitu melayani bangsa Iran”.

Berikut adalah gambaran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, yang membuat orang ternganga dan terheran-heran :

  • Saat pertama kali menduduki kantor kepresidenan, Ia menyumbangkan seluruh karpet Istana Iran yang sangat tinggi nilainya itu kepada masjid2 di Teheran dan menggantikannya dengan karpet biasa yang mudah dibersihkan.

  • Foto Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
    Kesederhanaan Presiden Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad


  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad mengamati bahwa ada ruangan yang sangat besar untuk menerima dan menghormati tamu VIP, lalu ia memerintahkan untuk menutup ruang tersebut dan menanyakan pada protokoler untuk menggantinya dengan ruangan biasa dengan 2 kursi kayu, meski sederhana tetap terlihat impresive.
  • Di banyak kesempatan Mahmoud Ahmadinejad bercengkerama dengan petugas kebersihan di sekitar rumah dan kantor kepresidenannya.

  • Foto Mahmoud Ahmadinejad diruang kerjanya yang sangat sederhana bagi seorang presiden
    Foto Mahmoud Ahmadinejad diruang kerjanya yang sangat sederhana bagi seorang presiden


  • Di bawah kepemimpinan Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, saat ia meminta menteri-menterinya untuk datang kepadanya dan menteri-menteri tersebut akan menerima sebuah dokumen yang ditandatangani yang berisikan arahan-arahan darinya, arahan tersebut terutama sekali menekankan para menteri-menterinya untuk tetap hidup sederhana dan disebutkan bahwa rekening pribadi maupun kerabat dekatnya akan diawasi, sehingga pada saat menteri-menteri tersebut berakhir masa jabatannya dapat meninggalkan kantornya dengan kepala tegak.
  • Langkah pertama Mahmoud Ahmadinejad adalah ia mengumumkan kekayaan dan propertinya yang terdiri dari Peugeot 504 tahun 1977, sebuah rumah sederhana warisan ayahnya 40 tahun yang lalu di sebuah daerah kumuh di Teheran. Rekening banknya bersaldo minimum, dan satu2nya uang masuk adalah uang gaji bulanannya. Gajinya sebagai dosen di sebuah universitas hanya senilai US$ 250.00.
  • Sebagai tambahan informasi, Presiden Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad masih tinggal di rumahnya.
  • Hanya itulah yang dimiliki seorang presiden dari negara yang penting baik secara strategis, ekonomis, politis, belum lagi secara minyak dan pertahanan, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Bahkan ia tidak mengambil gajinya, alasannya adalah bahwa semua kesejahteraan adalah milik negara dan ia bertugas untuk menjaganya.
  • Satu hal yang membuat kagum staf kepresidenan adalah tas yg selalu dibawa Presiden Mahmoud Ahmadinejad tiap hari selalu berisikan sarapan; roti isi atau roti keju yang disiapkan istrinya dan memakannya dengan gembira, ia juga menghentikan kebiasaan menyediakan makanan yang dikhususkan untuk presiden.
  • Hal lain yang diubahnya adalah kebijakan tentang Pesawat Terbang Kepresidenan, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad mengubahnya menjadi pesawat kargo sehingga dapat menghemat pajak masyarakat sedangkan untuk dirinya, ia meminta terbang dengan pesawat terbang biasa dengan kelas ekonomi.
  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad kerap mengadakan rapat dengan menteri-menterinya untuk mendapatkan info tentang kegiatan dan efisiensi yang sudah dilakukan, dan ia memotong protokoler istana sehingga menteri-menterinya dapat masuk langsung ke ruangannya tanpa ada hambatan. Ia juga menghentikan kebiasaan upacara seperti karpet merah, sesi foto, atau publikasi pribadi, atau hal-hal seperti itu saat mengunjungi berbagai tempat di negaranya.
  • Saat harus menginap di hotel, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad meminta diberikan kamar tanpa tempat tidur yg tidak terlalu besar karena Mahmoud Ahmadinejad tidak suka tidur di atas kasur, tetapi lebih suka tidur di lantai beralaskan karpet dan selimut. Apakah perilaku tersebut merendahkan posisi presiden?
  • Seorang Presiden Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, tidur di ruang tamu rumahnya sesudah lepas dari pengawal-pengawalnya yang selalu mengikuti kemanapun ia pergi. Menurut koran Wifaq, foto-foto yg diambil oleh adiknya tersebut,kemudian dipublikasikan oleh media masa di seluruh dunia, termasuk amerika.

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad seorang presiden yang luar biasa
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad seorang presiden yang luar biasa, semoga jadi inspirasi bagi para pemimpin Indonesia


Semoga tipe pemimpin yang seperti inilah yang akan dimiliki oleh Indonesia, negara kita tercinta, yang mencintai dan dicintai seluruh rakyatnya … amiiien…


Source : http://doctorgrow.blogspot.com/

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Filed under: Uncategorized — wirapebrianti @ 5:34 am

Kesederhanaan Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

mahmoud_ahmadinejadSaya pernah membaca buku berjudul Ahmadinejad David Di Tengah Angkara Goliath Dunia. Buku yang menarik, menggambarkan salah satu orang yang berani dan tegas melawan kekuatan barat. Barusan juga nonton Biografi Mahmoud Ahmadinejad di Metro TV.

Tidak jauh berbeda dengan buku di atas, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad merupakan putra seorang pandai besi. Seseorang yang tidak terkenal, bukan tokoh ulama, juga bukan tokoh politik di negara Iran. Ahmadinejad kecil tumbuh layaknya seorang remaja di usianya. Dikenal sebagai penggemar sepakbola dan jago bermain sepakbola. Dia juga pintar matematika. Selain itu Ahmadinejad terkenal memiliki suara yang bagus, seperti saat membaca Al-Quran maupun pidato.

Tidak ada yang mengira Mahmoud Ahmadinejad dapat terpilih menjadi Presiden Iran, karena 6 kandidat presiden lainnya merupakan tokoh ulama atau tokoh politik yang memiliki sumber dana besar. Ahmadinejad terpilih karena rakyat menyukai gaya dan sifatnya yang sederhana. Saat menjabat Walikota Teheran, kemana-mana selalu menyetir sendiri, tetap tinggal di rumah susunnya, membersihkan lingkungannya sendiri, suka mengamati sendiri setiap sudut kota dan lain-lain.

Sifatnya yang sederhana ini masih terlihat saat Ahmadinejad terpilih menjadi Presiden. Karpet-karpet merah persia mahal dikeluarkan semua dari istana, menolak mobil limosine dan tetap setia menggunakan mobil tuanya serta tetap tinggal di rumah susunnya.

Selain sifatnya yang sederhana ia dicintai karena lebih mementingkan memperbaiki ekonomi negara ketimbang bidang-bidang lain dan memperjuangkan setiap pendapatan minyak bumi agar jatuh ke meja makan rakyat Iran.

Saya tidak akan berhenti hingga semua rakyat biasa di Iran dapat makan. (Ahmadinejad)

Dalam menghadapi tekanan barat pun Ahmadinejad berani dan tegas.

Anda yang menciptakan dan menggunakan senjata biologis saat perang Irak-Iran. Anda yang menggunakan peluru ber-uranium. Apa hak Anda melarang kami (Iran) mengembangkan teknologi nuklir untuk energi dan perdamaian. (Ahmadinejad)

Suatu ketika Ahmadinejad mendapat pertanyaan dari wartawan Jepang : “Tuan Presiden, kenapa Anda masih mempertahankan pengembangan teknologi nuklir yang mengancam perdamaian dunia ? ” Anda seharusnya tidak perlu mengkhawatirkan kami (Iran), Anda harusnya lebih khawatir kepada negara yang pernah menjatuhkan bom nuklir ke negara Anda, jawab Ahmadinejad”

Kesederhanaan, pengabdian tulus pada negara dan keberanian dalam menghadapi tekanan barat membuat Mahmoud Ahmadinejad makin dicintai rakyatnya. Sebagai warga negara, saya juga berharap dipimpin oleh pemimpin dengan figur seperti Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

http://rayyan.wordpress.com/2008/01/13/mahmoud-ahmadinejad/

Susu Kedelai

Filed under: Uncategorized — wirapebrianti @ 5:29 am

Manfaat Susu Kedelai

SUSU KEDELAI

Susu kedelai memiliki kadar protein dan komposisi asam amino yang hampir sama dengan susu sapi. Keunggulan lain dari susu kedelai dibandingkan susu sapi adalah tidak mengandung kolesterol sama sekali. Namun, kandungan kolesterol pada susu sapi masih tergolong sangat rendah jika dibandingkan bahan pangan hewani lainnya.
Kandungan protein dalam susu kedelai dipengaruhi oleh varietas kedelai, jumlah air yang ditambahkan, jangka waktu dan kondisi penyimpanan, serta perlakuan panas. Semakin banyak jumlah air yang digunakan untuk mengencerkan susu, maka akan semakin sedikit kadar protein yang diperoleh. Kadar protein dalam susu kedelai yang dibuat dengan perbandingan kedelai dan air 1:8, 1:10, dan 1:15 berturut-turut adalah 3.6%, 3.2%, dan 2.4%.
Susu kedelai yang dibuat dengan kadar protein 3% mempunyai mutu gizi yang mendekati susu sapi. Pada anak balita, minum dua gelas susu kedelai sudah dapat memenuhi 30% dari total kebutuhan proteinnya setiap hari.
Karena kadar asam amino lisin yang tinggi, susu kedelai dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan nilai gizi protein pada nasi dan makanan serealia lainnya, yang umumnya rendah kadar lisinnya.
Mutu protein susu kedelai hampir sama dengan mutu protein susu sapi. Protein eficiency ratio (PER) susu kedelai adalah 2.3, sedangkan PER susu sapi adalah 2.5. PER 2.3 artinya setiap gram protein yang dimakan akan menghasilkan pertambahan berat badan sebesar 2.3 gram. Dengan demikian, semakin tinggi nilai PER mencerminkan semakin baik mutu protein tersebut.
Secara umum susu kedelai mengandung vitamin B1, B2 dan niasin dalam jumlah yang setara dengan susu sapi atau ASI, serta mengandung vitamin E dan K dalam jumlah yang cukup banyak.
Namun, susu kedelai tidak mengandung vitamin B12 dan kandungan mineralnya (terutama kalsium) lebih sedikit dibandingkan susu sapi. Oleh karena itu, dianjurkan untuk melakukan fortifikasi (penambahan) vitamin dan mineral pada susu kedelai untuk mensejajarkan kualitasnya dengan susu sapi.
Dewasa ini, masalah menopause dapat ditunda dengan terapi hormon estrogen (estrogen replacement therapy), yang juga diharapkan dapat menghambat laju osteoporosis. Yang terutama dianjurkan melakukan terapi hormon estrogen adalah mereka yang berhenti menstruasi sebelum usia 40 tahun atau mereka yang menderita osteoporosis pada usia muda.
Namun, hormon estrogen ini dapat menimbulkan efek samping, seperti sakit kepala, perubahan perasaan mendadak, merasa depresi dan ingin muntah. Dampak negatif lainnya yaitu kanker payudara dan kanker rahim.
Karena terapi hormon estrogen bisa berdampak negatif, maka beberapa peneliti mulai mencari bahan pengganti estrogen yang aman untuk menghambat laju osteoporosis.
Salah satu bahan pangan yang kini menjadi pusat perhatian dalam hubungannya dengan osteoporosis adalah kedelai. Hal itu disebabkan pada kedelai terdapat senyawa alami mirip estrogen, yang disebut fitoestrogen. Fitoestrogen terbukti mampu menghambat osteoporosis.
sumber :clarence’s Blog

Pemanasan Global

Filed under: Uncategorized — wirapebrianti @ 5:18 am

280px-Global_Warming_MapPemanasan global adalah adanya proses peningkatan suhu rata-rata atmosfer, laut, dan daratan Bumi.

Suhu rata-rata global pada permukaan Bumi telah meningkat 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.33 ± 0.32 °F) selama seratus tahun terakhir. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) menyimpulkan bahwa, “sebagian besar peningkatan suhu rata-rata global sejak pertengahan abad ke-20 kemungkinan besar disebabkan oleh meningkatnya konsentrasi gas-gas rumah kaca akibat aktivitas manusia”[1] melalui efek rumah kaca. Kesimpulan dasar ini telah dikemukakan oleh setidaknya 30 badan ilmiah dan akademik, termasuk semua akademi sains nasional dari negara-negara G8. Akan tetapi, masih terdapat beberapa ilmuwan yang tidak setuju dengan beberapa kesimpulan yang dikemukakan IPCC tersebut.

Model iklim yang dijadikan acuan oleh projek IPCC menunjukkan suhu permukaan global akan meningkat 1.1 hingga 6.4 °C (2.0 hingga 11.5 °F) antara tahun 1990 dan 2100.[1] Perbedaan angka perkiraan itu disebabkan oleh penggunaan skenario-skenario berbeda mengenai emisi gas-gas rumah kaca di masa mendatang, serta model-model sensitivitas iklim yang berbeda. Walaupun sebagian besar penelitian terfokus pada periode hingga 2100, pemanasan dan kenaikan muka air laut diperkirakan akan terus berlanjut selama lebih dari seribu tahun walaupun tingkat emisi gas rumah kaca telah stabil.[1] Ini mencerminkan besarnya kapasitas panas dari lautan.

Meningkatnya suhu global diperkirakan akan menyebabkan perubahan-perubahan yang lain seperti naiknya permukaan air laut, meningkatnya intensitas fenomena cuaca yang ekstrim,[2] serta perubahan jumlah dan pola presipitasi. Akibat-akibat pemanasan global yang lain adalah terpengaruhnya hasil pertanian, hilangnya gletser, dan punahnya berbagai jenis hewan.

Beberapa hal-hal yang masih diragukan para ilmuwan adalah mengenai jumlah pemanasan yang diperkirakan akan terjadi di masa depan, dan bagaimana pemanasan serta perubahan-perubahan yang terjadi tersebut akan bervariasi dari satu daerah ke daerah yang lain. Hingga saat ini masih terjadi perdebatan politik dan publik di dunia mengenai apa, jika ada, tindakan yang harus dilakukan untuk mengurangi atau membalikkan pemanasan lebih lanjut atau untuk beradaptasi terhadap konsekuensi-konsekuensi yang ada. Sebagian besar pemerintahan negara-negara di dunia telah menandatangani dan meratifikasi Protokol Kyoto, yang mengarah pada pengurangan emisi gas-gas rumah kaca.

http://www.wikipedia.org

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